Promoting the growing of tree nuts in Canada, and their use.
|Tree Nut Species, Varieties & Cultivars for Canada|
|The listing 'Nut Species, Varieties and Cultivars for Canada' of over sixty entries began in the late 1970's from the nut and nutlet trees and shrubs in Canada's Dominion Arboretum in Ottawa, managed by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, a federal government department. The Dominion Arboretum was begun in the 1880's, and continues today. Canada has some native nut bearing plants, but many planted today are exotics. Nuts have always been important here, the Amerindians making use of most native species, and expanding the plants' natural ranges over centuries at least and maybe over millenia.
We are continually updating the list, which now has over one hundred entries with the prospect of still more to be added. New native species are still being discovered, the Bear Oak (Quercus illicifolia) being the latest, in the early 1990s.
|Besides our own work, other research is underway on many species, conducted by the Society of Ontario Nut Growers (SONG), its Eastern Chapter (ECSONG) which operates in the Eastern Ontario region, and individual members of both organizations. |
Check for Canadian tree nut varieties and cultivars from Grimonut Nursery and the Rhora Nut Farm and Nursery.
The Gellatly Nut Farm in Westbank, British Columbia, which was the first breeder to originate uniquely Canadian tree nut varieties and cultivars, is now a heritage site. Besides the Dominion Arboretum, there are a number of other public and private Arboreta in Canada with nut plants to show.
|Join our hunt for mature, bearing nut trees, intown and out, across Canada, and treenut harvesting, on Canada Nutist facebook...|
|On this present list, the Horsechestnut family, Hippocastanaceae, is represented by 10 species, varieties and cultivars, all in the single genus Aesculus.|
|The Birch family, Betulaceae, is represented by 10 species, varieties and cultivars. The American Hornbeam produces a nutlet. The remainder are all hazels (aka filberts), one of the most popular of nuts.|
|The Walnut family, Juglandaceae, is represented by 8 hickories, and 12 walnuts in two genera. As well as producing flavourful kernels, this family is a source of syrup, sugar, dyes, stains and valuable nutshell products.|
|The Beech family, Fagaceae, is represented by 4 chestnuts, 4 beeches and 13 oaks. The chestnuts and oaks produce the best fruit, though acorns are not in vogue in North America much these days. The beeches produce small nuts, often sparsely, except where summers air is often misty and foggy.|
|The Ginkgo family, Ginkgoaceae,has only one species, biloba. A Ginkgo tree is either a male or a female. Though the freshly fallen fruit smell like vomit, they are easily cleaned, and the nuts are delightful. An Asiatic tree, now widely planted in southern Canada, the fruit may gain favour over time.|
|The Elm family, Ulmaceae, offers the genus Celtis, whose species produce a nutlet. The whole nut with its outer husk is sweet. It is easily ground into meal, and cooked in various ways, as was done by native peoples.|
|The Pine family, Pinaceae, offers a number of nut or stone pines. This list only offers 5 exotics, though future research may show that the native species may be grown more widely than just in the western mountains.|
|The Rose family, Rosaceae, has few species to offer - here are two almonds that might prove fruitful.|